Click on the decade buttons to reveal events that took place during that time



13,500 years ago or earlier
- First Nations peoples arrive in BC.

1775
- Spanish explorer Juan Francisco de la Bodega y Quadra becomes first documented European on this Island.

1778
- British explorer Capt. James Cook arrives at Nootka Island on NW coast of this Island.

1788
- British fur trader John Meares (not HBC) brings Chinese labourers to build Island’s first trading post at Nootka.

1792 - British explorer Capt. George Vancouver is first to circumnavigate what is later named Vancouver’s Island.

1835
- Coal discovered on Vancouver’s Island.

1837
- Capt. Wm Henry McNeill & SS Beaver sent by Hudson’s Bay Company (HBC) from Fort Vancouver, Washington State to Vancouver’s Island to explore area that is now Victoria, Esquimalt, Sooke.


1842
- James Douglas surveys area for Fort Victoria - First Nation villages at Cadboro Bay & Esquimalt.

1843
- Fort Victoria, named for young British Queen, is established by James Douglas for HBC; Charles Ross supervises construction of 330 ft by 300 ft enclosure within boundaries of present Government, Wharf, Broughton & Bastion Sts.
- First Nations moved from Cadboro Bay to set up camp below the fort to work in helping build the fort.

1844
- At request of HBC, Songhees relocate village across harbour from Fort, along E & S shore of Victoria West.

1846
- Oregon Treaty between United States & Great Britain is signed; Britain relinquishes claims to territory S of 49th parallel, but keeps southern portion of Vancouver’s Island (49th parallel runs through Ladysmith).

1848
- Measles & influenza epidemics hit Victoria.

1849
- Vancouver’s Island becomes “British Colony of Vancouver’s Island” with capital at Victoria.

1850
- HBC discovers coal at Nanaimo.
- Songhees Indian Reserve established by treaty by James Douglas.

1851
- Robt Dunsmuir arrives from Scotland as an HBC indentured coal miner; eldest son, James, born on shipboard.
- John Work establishes Hillside Farm.

1852
- J.D. Pemberton surveys Victoria townsite, first streets laid out - bounded on W by harbour, E by what is now Government St, S by Fort St, N by Johnson St.

1853
- Gov. James Douglas sets aside 10 acres as School Reserve in what is now Fernwood.
- Puget Sound Agricultural Co establishes Craigflower Farm; Craigflower School opens (2755 Admirals Rd, Saanich).

1854
- Crimean War - British Royal Navy ships come to Fort Victoria, hospital is erected in Esquimalt.
- First census in Victoria - there are 282 “Whites,” & approximately 2,000 “Indians” or First Nations from Saanich Peninsula to Sooke Basin.- first bridge built across Victoria harbour.

1855
- Isabella Ross (1490 Fairfield Rd, Fairfield), widow of HBC employee Charles Ross, becomes Colony’s first female landowner when she buys 99 acres of land from HBC.

1856
- HBC allows settlers to buy land on instalment plan.
- First election for House of Assembly.
- First District Church (Anglican) consecrated.

1858
- April 25 - First miners arrive via steamer from San Francisco for Fraser River goldrush. Victoria experiences growth spurt: in 6 weeks, 225 buildings are erected; price of harbour-front lots in Esquimalt & Victoria rises from $5 to over $1,000.
- First Chinese arrive from San Francisco.
- Gov. James Douglas welcomes 700 African-American families from San Francisco to Victoria.
- First Sisters of St. Ann arrive in Victoria.
- St. Ann’s Schoolhouse (637 Elliot St, James Bay) opens with 35 pupils.
- Mainland territory of New Caledonia becomes Crown Colony of British Columbia (BC), Gov. James Douglas, who is also governor of the Colony of Vancouver Island.
- Victoria Gazette & British Colonist first published.
- First brick building, Victoria Hotel, later known as Windsor Hotel (901-905 Government St, Downtown).
- Waddington Alley is first street paved in wood blocks.
- Baron Lowenberg establishes possibly first real estate business - Lowenberg, Harris & Co.
- Beacon Hill Park established by HBC.

1859
- Queen Victoria cancels HBC’s Crown grant.
- Victoria Philharmonic Society is founded.
- St. Andrew’s Society is founded.
- May 2 - Victoria’s first horse race in Beacon Hill Park.
- Victoria’s shipbuilding industry begins at Laing’s Way, at foot of Dallas Rd at Erie St.
- Royal Victoria Hospital opens on Songhees Reserve to treat both Songhees & non-aboriginals.

1860
- Colonial Government buildings, designed by H.O. Tiedemann & nicknamed the Birdcages because of their similarity to Chinese pagodas, open on S side of Inner Harbour (501 Belleville St, James Bay).
- Charles G. Wylly (431 Young St,), acting in his capacity as average adjuster, makes 1st property assessment for taxation for Colonial Government.
- March - first Victoria directory published by architect Edward Mallandaine (560 Simcoe St,).
- Japanese goods first appear in Victoria shops.
- Gov. James Douglas declares Victoria a free port.
- Victoria Gas Co is formed.
- First Nations mission school opens on the Songhees reserve at request of the Songhees
- August 20 - Victoria Masonic Lodge No. 1085 is founded.
- B.W. Pearse builds Fernwood, Colony’s first stone house.
- December - NE bastion of Fort Victoria is demolished.

1861
- New Post Office established on Wharf St.
- Residential development east to Cook St.
- First Point Ellice Bridge built.
- Rock Bay Bridge built.
- 608 permanent residents; 25,000 miners pass through on way to mainland gold fields.
- Sir Joseph Trutch’s home built, Fairfield at 601 Trutch St, Fairfield.

1862
- Gold rush to Barkerville & Cariboo begins.
- Victoria has 446 voters, elects 2 to colonial govt.
- Govt bill forbids construction of wooden buildings over 18 feet high or more than one storey within town due to fire risk.
- Original Johnson St Bridge removed.
- March - Smallpox epidemic hits Victoria, carried by miner from San Francisco; kills 14,000 First Nations along coast from Vancouver to Alaska; Gov. Douglas has all Songhees in Victoria vaccinated & none die here, although other Victoria citizens died; smallpox runs in Victoria until February 1863.
- May 16 - Colonial govt passes “An Act to Incorporate the City of Victoria.”
- August 2: City of Victoria is incorporated; 18th: first civic election, Mayor Thomas Harris elected; 25th: first City Council meeting.
- First City bylaws included: wooden buildings over one storey forbidden downtown; speed limit set at 8 mph; evil-smelling slaughterhouses & tanneries banned within city limits; illegal to throw rubbish & offal into harbour; beating carpets prohibited after 8 am.*
- Business district lit with gas. - City boundary moves east to Douglas St.
- October 24 - First library established in Victoria by H. Heisterman, with 160 members.
- November - HMS Hecate surveys Vancouver Island.

1863
- February - Victoria carpenters establish BC’s first trade union, Journeymen Shipwrights Assoc of Victoria & Vancouver Is.
- City Council awards contract for street construction.
- First “free” school in Colony opens in Esquimalt.
- April 9 - Cornerstone laid for 1st Presbyterian Church.
-Albion Iron Works founded at Chatham & Discovery Sts.
- June 2 - Foundation laid of Congregation Emanu-el Synagogue, architects John Wright & George H. Sanders (1421 Blanshard St, Downtown); now the oldest synagogue in Canada.
- Dollar replaces British pound as currency of Colony of Vancouver Island.
- Summer - First use of street numbers for businesses.
- James Douglas retires as Governor of both colonies.
- New residential suburbs develop N of Pandora St.
- Richard & Emily Carr build home at 207 Government St, James Bay.
- Lush family buys land from Carrs, builds Park Hotel, later Colonist Hotel, with its noisy saloon.

1864
- Telegraph system introduced to Victoria.
- November - HBC demolishes last of Fort Victoria stockade & bastions; subdivides land.
- Spring Ridge Water Works Co, formed by Coe & Martin, serves city until 1875.
- Leech River gold rush near Sooke.
- Ladies committee buys land for hospital at Pandora & Chambers Sts.
- Western Canada’s first Odd Fellows Lodge formed in Victoria, sponsored by California Grand Lodge.
- Caledonian Benevolent Society (now St. Andrew’s & Caledonian Society of Victoria) organizes first Highland Games in Victoria, still held today.
- Mechanics Literary Institute reading room opens.
- Diphtheria epidemic in Victoria.

1865
- Governor Kennedy buys Cary Castle for $19,000 (1401 Rockland Av, Rockland).
- Formal recognition of Esquimalt as Royal Navy shore establishment, chief British Naval Station on W coast.
- August - First public school opens on School Reserve.
- Georgina Kennedy lays foundation stone for Angela College (923 Burdett St, Fairfield).
- Ross Bay Villa (1490 Fairfield Rd, Fairfield) built for Charles Buxton & leased to Frank Roscoe.
- Black measles epidemic kills many residents, especially children.

1866
- City’s first water pipes laid - Spring Ridge Water Co.
- Transatlantic telegraph cable laid from England & San Francisco to Victoria.
- November 19 - Vancouver Island & BC united as Crown Colony of BC- mainland New Westminster becomes capital.

1867
- July 1 - Confederation of Canada: Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick are first four provinces.
- Colonist comes out in support of women’s suffrage.
- Municipal franchise extended to all property owners.
- Victoria Council’s 1st Black member - Mifflin Gibbs (see 503 Superior St).

1868
- Victoria becomes capital city of BC.
- First Victoria city directory second edition is published.
- Defences built against attacks by Americans.
- Saanich Fall Fair begun.

1869
- New James Bay Bridge opens.
- First “velocipedes” (early bicycles) in Victoria; Colonist orders six for delivery boys.
- Robert Dunsmuir, with HBC’s “Free Miners Licence,” discovers coal seam near Departure Bay, Nanaimo; claims 1000 acres & begins to develop Wellington Coal.

1870
- Douglas St is gravelled from St. John’s Church south.
- Gas introduced into houses, public lamps, barracks & jail.

1871
- July 19 - BC enters Confederation as province of Dominion of Canada.
- Canada Census - Victoria’s population is now 3,270.
- Cornerstone laid for new St. Ann’s Academy, architect Charles Vereydhen (835 Humbolt St, Fairfield).
- Artist Emily Carr born at 207 Government St, James Bay.
- Sir Joseph Trutch appointed BC’s first Lieutenant-Governor (Lt-Gov) (601 Trutch St, Fairfield; 1401 Rockland Av, Rockland).

1872
- Opening of first Provincial Legislative Assembly; passes bill giving more rights to married women.
- New Christ Church Cathedral built.
- Driard Hotel opens with fireplace in each room.
- City buys land at Ross Bay for new cemetery, Ross Bay Cemetery, Fairfield.
- Ship arrives with passengers infected with smallpox, pest-house opens on Dallas Rd, child Bertha Whitney dies & is buried there.
- November 5 - Victoria’s last public hanging - George W. Bell, convicted murderer of Thomas Datson.
- City boundaries expanded.

1873
- Victoria City Council lowers speed limit to 6 mph, & divides downtown into areas to use as stands for horse-drawn hacks for cargo & express wagons for passengers.
- Foundation stone laid for dam at south end of Beaver Lake, to make Elk Lake the City’s major source of water.
- Driard Hotel has water piped in from local wells.
- Marine Hospital built on Songhees land in Vic West.
- Protestant Orphan Asylum Society established by several prominent women including Mary Cridge.

1874
- Jacob Sehl installs elevator in Government St store.
- Christ Church Cathedral congregation splits between Bishop Hills & Dean Edward Cridge; Cridge & followers march down hill & found Church of Our Lord (626 Blanshard St, Downtown).
- Future BC Premier Theodore Davie marries 14-year-old Blanche Baker, who dies two years later.

1875
- City Council decrees they will employ no Chinese.
- Three women cast votes in Victoria civic election.
- Custom House, Victoria’s oldest Federal Building, opens; architects T.S. Scott & Fed Dept Public Works (1002 Wharf St, Downtown).
- Dr. Simon Fraser Tolmie proposes to BC Legislature that women should have vote - defeated.
- City begins pumping water from Elk Lake; Spring Ridge Water Works Co is dissolved.
- November 4 - SS Pacific founders off Cape Flattery, loss of 275 lives, many from Victoria.

1876
- January 16 - first service in Church of Our Lord, architect John Teague (626 Blanshard St, Downtown), Reformed Episcopal Church led by Bishop Cridge, who builds his James Bay home Marifield that same year.
- St. Joseph’s Hospital opens (850 Humboldt St, Fairfield).
- Victoria’s first high school opens.
- Economic downturn, Douglas lends province $30,000.

1877
- Sir James Douglas dies.
- First “self-acting water-closets” installed in Victoria.
- BC government declares first Thanksgiving Day.
- First roller skating rink opens in Victoria.

1878
- R.B. McMicking & Bell Telephone Co install first two telephones in Victoria, in Colonist & CPR offices.
- Volunteer militia established here.
- BC govt attempts to tax all Chinese in province $60. Chinese go on strike, law declared unconstitutional.
- December 11 - First Council meeting in new City Hall, architect John Teague (#1 Centennial Sq, Downtown).

1879
- January 8 - 1 metre (39”) of snow covers City.
- April - Union Club forms, Judge Matthew Begbie first president.

1880
- January 11 - 81 cm (32”) snow covers city; 700 sheep reportedly found sleeping under snow at Macaulay Point.
- January 21 - General telephone service established.
- Victoria property assessments total $2.4 million.

1881
- Year opens with 60 cm (24”) of snow.
- Canada Census - Victoria’s population is now 5,925 & city has 56 saloons.
- R.B. McMicking offers to light City from nine 60 foot towers for $490 per month.
- Telephone office opens all night, now 100 subscribers.
- McMicking sets up eight telephone fire alarm boxes.
- BC govt transfers Beacon Hill Pk (James Bay/Fairfield) to City of Victoria.

1882
- September 20 - Arch erected on Fort St for the visit of the Marquess of Lorne & Princess Louise.

1883
- August 20 - Robert Dunsmuir signs with federal govt to build Esquimalt & Nanaimo Railway (E&N) for subsidy of $750,000, & land grant of 2,000,000 acres (1/5 Vancouver Is), including all coal under & all timber on top.
- July - Victoria carpenters establish 1st union local, United Brotherhood of Carpenters & Joiners.
- December - First electric street lighting in City.

1884
- Head tax of $50 imposed on Chinese immigrants.
- January - Kingston Street School, aka James Bay Ward School, opens at Kingston & Oswego Sts, later 326 Kingston St.
- June - City takes over electric light plant.
- July - First house numbers listed in city directory.

1885
- Victoria School District has 732 pupils & 17 teachers.
- Tenders are called for new jail.
- St. James Anglican Church, later 307 Quebec St (pg 47), is dedicated.
- Outer Wharves or Piers in Major Bay near Shoal Point, James Bay, built by Robert P. Rithet to serve his world-wide sugar interests; they later become valuable docking point for passenger liners.
- Joseph Heywood installs fountain & horse trough at intersection of Hillside, Government & Douglas Sts & Gorge Rd.
- November - Last spike of transcontinental railroad is driven; first freight from Eastern Canada arrives in Vancouver.

1886
- Local census: 8,452 Whites, 2,978 Chinese, 101 First Nations.
- Dr. George Milne (617 Battery St, James Bay) appointed first City Health Officer.
- David Spencer opens dry goods store The Arcade.
- Victoria Electric Illumination Co incorporates.
- City of Vancouver is incorporated.
- August 14 - PM Sir John A. MacDonald drives last spike for E&N at Shawnigan Lake; first train travels between Nanaimo & Victoria West.
- BC Provicial Museum (now Royal BC Museum) is established in a room in government Birdcages, 501 Belleville St, James Bay.

1887
- Vancouver, not Victoria as anticipated, becomes terminus of Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR).
- July 20 - official opening of first Graving Dock in Esquimalt; one of the Terms of Union by which British Columbia joined confederation.
- Caledonian Park established on block between Government, St. Andrews, Niagara & Simcoe Sts; annual Highland Games & other sporting events are held here until land sold for development in 1907.
- Work Point site becomes permanent barracks for Canadian Army.
- Celebrations of Queen Victoria’s Golden Jubilee.
- Standard time is adopted in Victoria.
- Lights turned on at Canada’s first incandescent electric light station, here in Victoria.
- Joseph Despard Pemberton establishes real estate firm of Pemberton & Son, now called Pemberton Holmes.

1888
- 76 cm (30”) of snow covers city.
- First railway swing bridge built across harbour to Store St; footbridge built.
- March 29 - first E&N train to downtown Victoria.
- National Electric Tramway & Lighting Co (NET&L) signs agreement with City to operate streetcars.
- First public lavatory erected in Bastion Sq, men only.
- Letter carriers & letter boxes first appear.
- Survey begun for Victoria to Sidney railway (V&S).
- Diphtheria epidemic in Victoria.

1889
- Foundations laid for Royal Jubilee Hospital at Richmond Rd & Fort St to mark Queen’s Golden Jubilee.
- City has 79 street lamps, 315 telephones.
- New Provincial Court House, architect H.O. Tiedeman (28-30 Bastion Sq, Downtown).

1890
- February - Electric streetcar service - 3rd system in Canada.
- Sewer system installed.
- City boundaries expanded to include Victoria West.
- Corrig College, boys’ private school, opens at 46 Douglas St (ex-220 K(C)atherine St) at Niagara St (see pg 31).
- Fairfield neighourhood included in City’s boundaries.
- Royal Jubilee Hospital (1900 Fort St, Jubilee) opens.
- January - St. Andrew’s Presbyterian Church, architect Leonard Buttress Trimen, opens (924 Douglas St, Downtown).
- Victoria property assessments total $9.4 million, while Vancouver’s are $9.5 million.

1890s
- Chinese tenements raided under City’s cubic air space bylaw: it allows tenants no less than 384 cubic feet.

1891
- Canada Census - Victoria population of 16,841 is served by 55 hotels & taverns.
- Victoria property assessments almost double to 17.6 million.
- May 5 - Mayor Grant starts City Hall’s McKillican Clock.
- May 12 - HBC sells at auction a number of lots from original Fort Victoria property.
- Transit system extended to Oak Bay.
- Capt. John Irving (256 Menzies St, pg 15) starts daily ferry service Victoria to New Westminster.
- James Bay Athletic Association clubhouse, built for $7,000, opens at foot of Menzies St.
- Public Market opens on Cormorant St downtown.
- First pneumatic tire bicycle in BC owned by C.T.W. Piper.

1892
- April 18 - Local smallpox epidemic, Port of Victoria shut for six months, local economic depression begins.
- City starts permit systems for water & sewer hook-ups.
- New NET&L Powerhouse begins generating steam, architect John Teague (2110 Store St, Downtown).
- James Bay Methodist Church (now United Church), architect Thomas Hooper, dedicated (511 Michigan St, James Bay).
- St. Andrew’s Roman Catholic Cathedral opens, architects Perrault & Messiard (1202 Blanshard St, Downtown).

1893
- 1.7 m (67”) of snow covers city.
- World trade depression, & city hires unemployed to work on local improvements at $2.00 for a 10-hour day.
- Council allocates $1,000 for signposts & street names.
- Thomas Plimley & Albert Onions open Victoria’s first bicycle shop at 42 Broad St.
- Postmen start using bicycles.
- Arion Male Voice Choir founded as Arion Club of Vict.
- Esquimalt Marine Railway Co Ltd is established in Esquimalt by William F. Bullen (1007 Joan Cr, Rockland) & partners.
- Contracting firm Moore & Whittington is established.
- November 29 - Victoria Chemical Co (VCC) incorporates with works at 7 Dallas Rd at Erie St, manufacturing acids, fertilizers & tree sprays.

1894
- Sehl House at 1 Montreal St on Laurel Point destroyed by fire.
- NET&L in receivership, is re-incorporated as Victoria Electric Railway & Lighting Co.
- South Park School, architect William Ridgway-Wilson, 508 Douglas St, James Bay, opens.

1895
- Daily Colonist notes first “motor carriages.”

1896
- 73 cm (29”) of snow covers City.
- May 26 - Point Ellice Bridge collapses into Upper Harbour under weight of loaded streetcar; 55 people die.

1897
- First Chinese public school in Canada opens in Victoria.
- Fort St is paved with wooden paving blocks.
- Typhoid fever epidemic in Victoria.
- Consolidated Railway Act joins Victoria & Lower Mainland gas & electric companies to become BC Electric Railway (BCER).
- West Coast’s first hydroelectric generating plant built at Goldstream to service Victoria.
- Lady Aberdeen, wife of Canada’s Gov-Gen, establishes Victorian Order of Nurses for home health care.

1898
- Chinese in Canada disenfranchised.
- February - BC’s Parliament Bldgs open (501 Belleville St, James Bay).

1899
- 80 cm (31.5”) of snow covers City.
- City opens No. 2 Fire Hall in Fernwood
- October 11 - Boer War begins; ends 31 May 1902.

1901
- January 22 - Queen Victoria dies; Edward VII is now King.
- Telephone service extended to Duncan & Nanaimo.
- Canada Census: Vancouver’s 26,196 population passes Victoria’s 20,919.
- City Council passed James Bay Mud Flats Reclamation By-law, No. 372.
- October - Visit of Their Royal Highnesses The Duke & Duchess Of Cornwall & York - Bastion arch erected on corner of Government & Belleville Sts.

1902
- Andrew Carnegie gives $50,000 for new library bldg; the lot cost $7,400 (794 Yates St, Downtown).
- May 23 - First gas‑powered automobile arrives in city for Dr Edward C. Hart, an Oldsmobile costing $900.
- First motorcycle appears in Victoria.
- Mount Baker Hotel in Oak Bay destroyed by fire.

1903
- City’s first water meters installed.
- April - first Tally Hos run by Victoria Transfer Co.
- First steam-driven automobile bought by Bert Todd (721 Linden Av, Rockland).
- Inner Harbour Causeway over James Bay mud flats is begun, foreman from October, Thomas Donovan (1459 Vining St, Fernwood).

1904
- BC motor vehicle licence plates now compulsory.
- December - First telephone call from Victoria to Vancouver.
- BCER begins selling gas appliances for the home.

1905
- May 1 - CPR buys E&N from James Dunsmuir.
- Automobile Club formed by owners of approximately 20 cars & 10 motorcycles.
- Hutchinson Bros first automobile livery (taxi service).
- BCER opens Gorge Amusement Park.

1906
- Saanich & Oak Bay incorporated as municipalities.
- BCER hires first female employee.
- January 23 - Property for Central Park, called North Park, purchased from Finlayson Estate for $21,000.
- 1852 James Douglas home on Government St demo’d.
- Many more concrete sidewalks built in City under Local Improvement Bylaw No. 477.
- Bill & Walter Luney establish Luney Construction.

1907
- Victoria buildings renumbered, street names changed.
- City Assessor William Walter Northcott becomes City Building Inspector & sets up modern system of building permits & plans in August.
- Great building boom begins - 349 new structures built.
- Takata Japanese Tea Gardens open on the Gorge.
- When two plague-carrying rats discovered in Seattle, Victoria City Council orders Chinatown improvements: 200 sewer connections, wood shanties demolished, wooden boardwalks replaced with concrete.*
- July 23 - Fire destroys Chinatown from Chatham & Herald Sts, Store St to Government St, to Quadra St between Green & North Park Sts.
- Parfitt Brothers establish contracting firm (1301-11 Gladstone Av, Fernwood).

1908
- Ottawa enacts legislation to stop opium manufacture & sale - 6 Victoria firms close.
- Smith’s Hill Reservoir, construction begins, completed in 1909; foreman Thomas Donovan (1459 Vining St, Fernwood).
- Opening of CPR’s Empress Hotel, architect F.M. Rattenbury (721 Government St, Downtown).

1909
- Cook St streetcar line begins service.
- August 7 - Opening of Chinese Public School, architect D.C. Frame (636 Fisgard St, Downtown).
- Victoria Steam Bakery at 126 Niagara St destroyed by fire; built by Moses Rowe Smith in 1888 & run by Selena Smith & their sons following his death.

1910
- May - The Naval Service of Canada is created; renamed Royal Canadian Navy by King George V in 1911.
- Mayor A.J. Morley plans cluster lights in downtown.
- May 27 - BC government auctions 15 frame houses, 13 on Superior St & 2 on Government St, for construction of rear wings & library of Parliament Buildings.
- September 24 - William Wallace Gibson flies home-built plane for 200 feet above Lansdowne field; first flight in Western Canada by a Canadian of a Canadian-built plane (146 Clarence St, James Bay).
- October - Downtown fire destroys Spencer’s & Five Sisters Block, etc; City extends View St to Government St.
- Victoria’s building permits for year total $2,373,045.

1911
- 4200 telephones now in City.
- Songhee Band agree to compensation for giving up reserve lands in Vic West, after 30 years of negotiations, & move to new reserve on Esquimalt harbour; each family receives $10,000, there are 43 families, total 93 people.
- Lester & Frank Patrick build artificial ice rink.
- Carpenters paid $4.50 per day.
- Road to Mill Bay passable, christened Malahat Drive.
- City contracts to pave 30 miles of streets.
- Opening of Alexandra Club for Ladies, architect D.C. Frame (716 Courtney St, Downtown).
- April - First auto show is held.
- May 10 - Luneys incorporate as Luney Bros Ltd.
- Jordan River hydroelectric plant begins service to Victoria.
- Clearing begins on Uplands area in Oak Bay.
- Victoria’s building permits for year total $4,026,315. - Quarter acre lots between Cook & Quadra Sts sell for $500-$800.
- Canada Census - Victoria’s population is now 31,660; Vancouver’s Chinatown population surpasses Victoria’s.
- City begins to build seawall to stop graves from washing out to sea at Ross Bay Cemetery; Dallas Rd continues E.
- Diphtheria epidemic in Victoria.
- December 25 - Frank & Lester Patrick open the 4,000-seat Victoria Arena in Oak Bay, designed by Thomas Hooper & built for $110,000; it & its sister arena in Vancouver had first artificial ice in Canada.

1912
- Victoria Police buy motor patrol wagon.
- Esquimalt incorporates as the Corporation of the Township of the Municipality of Esquimalt.
- September - Visit of Governor General Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught & Strathern, and Princessa Louise; Duke lays cornerstones for Connaught Seaman’s Institute, architect J.C.M. Keith (106 Superior St, James Bay) & Provincial Library, architect F.M. Rattenbury (501 Belleville St, James Bay).
- VCC amalgamates with other companies, including Giant Powder Works as Canadian Explosives Co & moves operations to James Island out of Sidney, BC.
- September - Coal mines shut; Vancouver Island’s “Big Strike” begins.
- September 3 - 88th Regiment Victoria Fusiliers is formed in Victoria.
- December - St John’s Iron Church demolished downtown.
- Victoria’s building permits for year total $8,060,170; registration fees at Land Registry Office reach $5,800; drops to $300 by 1917 because of WWI.

1913
- April - BC liquor law restricts opening days & hours.
- Victoria Fire Department (VFD) is motorized.
- BC Electric Railway (BCER) begins service to N Saanich
- Work begins on Saanich to Patricia Bay railway
- Victoria’s first skyscraper opens, BC Permanent Loan Co, 10 storeys, 1403 Douglas St, arch’t H.S. Griffiths, (demo’d).
- Province‑wide depression starts, real estate collapses.
- End of Victoria’s building boom; building permits for year total less than $4 million.
- new Union Club of BC opens, architect Loring P. Rixford (805 Gordon St, Downtown).
- July & August - Miners’ strike riots in Cumberland, South Wellington, Ladysmith, Extension & Nanaimo.
- August 15 - 50th Regiment (Gordon Highlanders) is authorized with first CO Lieut. Col. Arthur Currie (1114 Arthur Currie Ln, Vic West) .
- August - Canada’s first fatal air crash, during Victoria Summer Carnival - American barnstormer John Bryant crashes his Curtiss seaplane onto roof in Chinatown.
- December 29 - Opening of Royal Theatre, architects Wm. D’Oyly Rochfort & Eben W. Sankey (805 Broughton St, Fairfield).

1914
- January - 60 wives & mothers of Vancouver Island miners plead with BC Premier Richard McBride for release of jailed 1913 strike rioters.
- British shipbuilder Sir Alfred Yarrow buys BC Marine Railway Co from Bullens, renames it Yarrows, & leaves his son Norman Yarrow in charge.
- Sanatorium for BC built at Tranquille, near Kamloops.
- Beacon Hill School opens, architect J.C.M. Keith (120 Douglas St, James Bay).
- New Victoria Police Station opens, architect J.C.M. Keith (625 Fisgard St, Downtown).
- Victoria hires first police woman.
- 4th Victoria High School, architect C. Elwood Watkins (1260 Grant St, Fernwood).
- Pantages Theatre, architect Jesse M. Warren, opens (#3 Centennial Sq, Downtown), now McPherson Playhouse.
- August 4 - Britain declares war on Germany; as a member of British Empire, Canada too is at war - WWI.
- August 15 - Panama Canal opens, improving access for European settlers & goods to Victoria & West Coast.
- August 20 - Miners accept colliery terms; end of Big Strike.
- Gonzales Observatory (302 Denison Rd, Gonzales) opens, headquarters of Dominion Meteorological Services.
- Construction begins on Ogden Point Breakwater & Docks, James Bay.
- November 12 - two women officers are sworn as first female members of Victoria Police Force, Mrs Jane Clayards & Miss Mary Cameron McDonald, RN, a 1900 Royal Jubilee grad.

1915

- RMS Lusitania sunk by Germany, Anti‑German riots break out, many businesses damaged & looted.
- Jitneys (independent taxis) compete with BCER.
- BCER streetcar fares raised a penny to 6 cents.
- BC Parliament Building (501 Belleville St, James Bay) additions completed, mainly library at rear, architect F.M. Rattenbury.
- November - BC Returned Soldiers’ Aid Commission is established.

1916
- February - Snowfall paralyzes city ‑ army helps clear downtown; estimate of 1.5 million tons - 183 cm or 72”!
- BC Shipping Act passes: Victoria’s shipbuilding industry produces five 2,500-ton & twenty 3,000-ton wooden steamers during WWI for Imperial Munitions Board.
- Provincial referendum approves prohibition of alcohol & gives women the right to vote.
- old centre block of Houses of Parliament in Ottawa is destroyed by fire; the library survives the blaze.

1917
- January 1 - BC Compension Act passed: collieries, logging companies, etc., must provide widows’ pensions.
- January 22 - last of about 10,000 granite blocks is placed on Ogden Point Breakwater, James Bay.
- Caucasian women register to vote in provincial election.
- Federal govt establishes “temporary income tax”.
- September - Feds pass Soldier Settlement Act.
- October 1 - Prohibition of alcohol in BC begins.
- “Workman’s Compensation Board” established.
- December 6 - Halifax Explosion: about 2,000 killed, 9,000 injured, over 12,000 buildings in 16 mile radius destroyed or damaged; most devastating man-made, non-nuclear explosion in history.

1918
- Canada Registration Board established to create inventory of men & women over 16 who could be recruited for military service or essential wartime industry.
- Two piers & a cargo warehouse completed at Ogden Point, total cost, with breakwater, of $5 million.
- Dominion Astrophysical Observatory opens on Little Saanich Mountain (5071 West Saanich Rd, Saanich); largest telescope of its kind in the world at the time.
- All Caucasian women given the right to vote federally.
- October 26 - CP Steamship SS Princess Sophia, sailing inside passage from Victoria to Alaska, sinks with all 343 on board; worst shipwreck in BC & Alaska history.
- October & November - Spanish Influenza epidemic forces closure of public places; kills more people worldwide than WWI.
- November 11 - Armistice is signed & fighting ceases.
- Vic High - 3 teachers, 53 former students died in WWI.
- December 7 - 7.8 magnitude earthquake off West Coast of Vancouver Island.

1919
- HRH Edward, Prince of Wales, visits Victoria.
- February 10, 11 - 169 teachers of Victoria & District Teachers Association hold 1st teachers strike in Canada.
- June 28 - Treaty of Versailles signed, official end of WWI.
- November - Victoria’s General Sir Arthur Currie, GCMB, KCB, (1114 Arthur Currie Ln, Vic West), Commander-in-Chief of Canadian Forces at end of WWI, comes to sell Victory Loans.
- U.S. International Airmail Service begin operating float planes between Victoria, Vancouver & Seattle, using beach landing at Shoal Point, James Bay, between Brackman & Ker & Victoria Chemical Co wharves.

1920
- June - James Dunsmuir dies.
- Women vote for first time in provincial election.
- Sidney Roofing & Paper Co opens on Songhees industrial reserve, Vic West, south of E&N bridge.
- Pemberton Holmes sells just 65 properties.

1921
- June 15 - Prohibition ends in BC.
- Victoria Real Estate Board (VREB) is established; during 1920s, it promotes improvements such as highway from Jordan River to Port Renfrew; urges government to acquire & protect area now known as Cathedral Grove along Alberni Highway.
- BC Government Liquor Act comes into effect; nine govt liquor stores open across province.
- New fire insurance plans (FIP) drawn up for Victoria.
- 54 Soldiers’ Settlement houses are built in Victoria for returned soldiers with funds obtained through National Better Housing Act.
- Canada Census - Victoria’s population is now 38,727.

1922
- January 1 - Rule of the Road change: Vancouver Island vehicles switch to right side of road like rest of province.
- October 2 - Johnson Street Bridge vehicular span opens.
- BC govt bans Orientals from pulp & paper mills.
- St James Anglican Church in James Bay demolished.

1923
- Chinese Immigration “Exclusion” Act prohibits Chinese from underground work, excludes all Chinese except consuls, merchants & students from entering Canada; only 15 enter Canada between 1923 & 1946.
- November 30 - first burial in Victoria & Saanich’s new inter-municipal cemetery, Royal Oak Burial Park.

1924
- Johnson St Bridge, later known as “Blue Bridge,” opens.
- Interurban railway from Victoria to Saanich is closed.
- Six Harbours Agreement between BC & Canada is established: Victoria is one of six harbours defined as a federal “public harbour” by Transport Canada.Canada Hockey League champions, defeat Montreal Canadiens, National Hockey League (NHL) champions 3 games to 1, games 1, 3 & 4 played in Victoria Arena on Cadboro Bay Rd, Oak Bay, Lester Patrick, manager.
- June 21 - Victoria is visited by Royal Navy’s special service squadron on goodwill tour around world; special dance for locals is held on board HMS Hood.
- new CPR Terminal & Ticket Office opens in Inner Harbour, architects F.M. Rattenbury & P.L. James (470 Belleville St, James Bay).
- Old Colonist Hotel at 200 Douglas St is demolished.

1925
- Presbyterian, Methodist & Congregational Churches amalgamate as The United Church of Canada.
- The Crystal Gardens, architects F.M. Rattenbury & P.L. James, opens with largest salt water pool in British Empire, & two dance floors (701-711 Douglas St, Downtown).
- New construction in Victoria valued at $500,000.
- Panama Pacific Grain Terminals Elevator Co Ltd with City of Victoria builds grain terminal on Pier North B, James Bay, to load prairie grain arriving by rail onto deep-sea freighters for shipment around world.
Stanley Cup comes to Victoria - Victoria Cougars, Western

1926
- October 26 - Mail plane flying from Lansdowne Field to Seattle crashes into Sen. Robert Green’s house, 502 Rupert St.
- Land assessments in Victoria total $6.1 million.

1927
- July 1 - Canada’s Diamond Jubilee (60th) celebrations.
- July 1 - New Esquimalt Graving Dock opens, third largest in World.
- Old Age Pension Act, Canada’s first public pension plan, passes - criteria: any British subject in Canada, 70 or older; resident in Canada 20 years; income less than $365 a year.
- Victoria’s first zoning bylaw implemented, to be “the final means of perpetuating town planning principles in the city” VDC 26 November 1927.
- BCER installs electric heaters on streetcars.
- BCER creates Victoria’s Home Service division to promote use of home appliances.
- Clover Point rifle range, built during WWI, made city park.
- Smallpox epidemic in Victoria.
- Thomas Plimley opens used car showroom at 1010 Yates St, building still extant.

1928
- BC’s first all-electric home opens at Linden & Oscar Sts in Fairfield; 15,000 people attend open-house week.
- Old City Jail at rear of City Hall is demolished.

1929
- January - BC Power Corporation is incorporated.
- January 28 - BC Airways “airdrome” opens on Shelbourne St.
- BC Water Act creates Provincial Water Board.
- BC govt builds concrete Benvenuto Av, W Saanich Rd to Butchart Gardens, Vancouver Island’s main tourist attraction.
- September 28 - Christ Church Cathedral, architect J.C.M. Keith, (908-912 Vancouver St, Fairfield, ) is consecrated, building finished in 1950s & 90s.
- October 18 - British Privy Council declares Canadian women Persons - Victory for The Famous Five, including Nellie McClung, Saanich resident 1935 until death in 1951.
- October 29 - New York Stock Market crashes; Great Depression begins.
- November 11 - Victoria Arena destroyed by fire.
- December - Dallas Hotel, built 1891, demolished.

1930s
- During Great Depression, Victoria offers residential lots for $50 each if new owners will immediately build houses on then; Canadian govt will finance 80% of value.*

1931
- Canadian Government outlaws Communist Party.
- Sperry Beacon tower built on Inner Harbour, in preparation for seaplane terminal, which didn’t materialize, due to Depression; architects Townley & Matheson (812 Wharf St, Downtown).
- Canada Census - Victoria now 39,082.

1932
- City of Victoria pays $374,621 relief to unemployed.
- Elsie Richards becomes first female member of VREB.

1934
- BC govt cancels annual sale on lands in tax arrears; farmers can work off one-year’s arrears on public works.
- August - MacDonald Park established on portion of former Armadale land - 241 Niagara St.
- Smallpox outbreak.

1935
- Federal govt’s Dominion Housing Act lends funds for housing through financial institutions & other govts; creates Economic Council of Canada to advise on housing conditions.
- January 21 - three-day rainfall begins, 5.9” floods city.

1936
- Fed govt’s Home Improvment Loan & Guarantee Act for small loans up to $2,000 at 3.25% for upgrading homes.

1937
- Hanging flower baskets on light standards introduced for 75th anniversary of Victoria’s civic incorporation.

1938
- Fed govt rewrites National Housing Act (NHA) - loans up to 90% of purchase price.
- Union Oil tanker founders on rocks off Mile O at James Bay; tug Salvage King goes to her assistance.

1939
- September 3 - Britain & France declare war on Germany.
- September 10 - Canada declares war on Germany, we enter WWII.
- Victoria Machinery Depot (VMD) purchases 33 Dallas Rd, James Bay (pg 42), next to main Rithet Outer Wharf, establishes a second shipyard, & builds 10,000-ton steel freighters or “Victory Ships” for Allied war effort; at wartime peak, VMD has 3,000 workers on three shifts, seven days a week completing 20 freighters by March 1945.

1940
- Canadian govt imposes rent controls.
- BC’s first official park of Totem Poles is established: Thunderbird Park, 680 Douglas St, James Bay.

1941
- April - federal govt income tax revived as “temporary war-time measure”; income tax never rescinded.
- Right to strike removed for duration of war.
- December 7 - Japan bombs Pearl Harbour, USA.
- December 7 - Japan attacks Hong Kong, a British colony, where over 1,000 Canadian troops are stationed; Canada declares war on Japan that evening; Japanese later intern Canadians, including a number from Victoria.
- December 8 - USA declares war on Japan.
- Helmcken House, built 1852-53, (638 Elliot St, James Bay) becomes a Provincial Museum.
- Canada Census - Victoria’s population is now 44,068.

1942
- February 25 - RMS Queen Elizabeth secretly arrives at Esquimalt drydock for WWII refit: 13 days/10 tons of paint.
- Japanese submarine torpedoes freighter SS Fort Camosun, built at VMD, at mouth of Strait of Juan de Fuca, & shells Estevan Point Lighthouse.
- April - Federal government sends West Coast Japanese-Canadians to internment camps in BC interior.
- Fed govt creates Crown Corporation, Wartime Housing Ltd (WHL), to build “Victory Houses.”
- September 30 - WHL takes out building permits for $1 each. from City of Victoria for construction of first 100 houses for wartime shipyard workers (205, 209 & 225 Kingston St). City deeds land.

1942
- Vancouver architects McCarter & Nairne design three different house plans, Bennett & White Construction Co Ltd of Vancouver wins building contract, Percy Leonard James is local supervising architect. WHL pays $24 & $30 per year for four & six room houses / respectively & $1 /house/year for street lighting; tenants pay water bills to City. Houses are eventually built on Beckley, Berwick, Dock, Kingston, Michigan, Montreal, Niagara, Ontario, Oswego, Pilot, Rendall, St Lawrence, Simcoe & Superior Sts.
- BC Govt hires R.F. Castle for $17,355 to build underground bomb-proof vaults for valuable documents & emergency headquarters for essential service personnel.

1943
- Federal govt passes Regulations Respecting Trading with the Enemy; confiscates property & belongings of Japanese-Canadians.
- October 27 - WHL takes out 100 BPs for more wartime houses, this time in James Bay & Burnside.

1944
- June 6 - D-Day in Europe; Allies enter France.
- Building materials all put into war effort.
from profitting from sale of property owned or purchased by veterans; not repealed until 1959.*
- September 18-27 - WHL takes out many BPs for Veterans’ Houses in Oaklands, Hillside Quadra, Fernwood & Vic West neighbourhoods.

1945
- May 7 - VE-Day - end of European conflict.
- August 14 - VJ-Day - Japan surrenders, end of WWII.
- WWII veterans’ housing program begun.
- state of emergency declared in Victoria due to housing shortage; federal govt places all residences in city under Administrator of Emergency Shelter.
- Veteran’s Land Act created by Fed govt, bars realtors - BC Govt hires R.F. Castle for $17,355 to build underground bomb-proof vaults for valuable documents & emergency headquarters for essential service personnel.

1946
- January 1 - Federal govt creates Central Mortgage & Housing Corp (CMHC).
- June 23 - Worst earthquake in recent Vancouver Island history, 7.8 magnitude, epicentre near Courtenay/Cumberland, chimneys topple on Chapman St in Victoria.
- Beginning of the baby boom.
- Department of Architecture established at UBC.
- Princess Peggy & Prince Nicolas Abkhazi buy land for Abkhazi Gardens (1964 Fairfield Rd, Gonzales).

1947
- February - Leduc oil fields in Alberta produce; beginning of the end for market for Vancouver Island coal.
- Japanese & Chinese Canadians re-enfranchised - right to vote, regain most, but not all, citizenship rights.
- Post-war housing shortage leads to the conversion of many large homes to boarding houses.
- Kyoquot Trollers Co-operative Assoc set up new fish cold-storage & ice facility for fleet of fish packers at Victoria Chemical Co’s wharf, James Bay.
- Many houses & buildings lost to Blanshard St corridor.
- June - Tennis Courts open on Herald St behind Chinese Public School for & by Chinese community.

1948
- Electric streetcar system is abandoned, rails removed.
- August 14 - Banfield Park opens in Vic West (see 402 Skinner St, Vic West).
- March 31 - opening of $100,000 federally-funded Fisherman’s Wharf at foot of Erie St, James Bay with moorings for up to 60 large fish-packing ships; main float was 390 feet long with six finger floats.

1949
- 50 cm (20”) of snow blankets City.
- February - Heavy rain, melting snow = extensive flooding.
- 7.8 magnitude earthquake, epicentre on Puget Sound.
- November - Hope-Princeton Highway is opened as alternative route through southern BC mountains.

1950
- Korean War begins, severe metal shortages (ie: hot water tanks, furnaces, hardware).
- March - City installs roundabout at problem intersection of Hillside, Government & Douglas Sts & Gorge Rd.
- single largest recorded wildfire in North American history, the Chinchaga Fire burns up to 1,700,000 hectares in northern BC & Alberta.

1950s
- Founding of provincial licensing board, now Real Estate Council of BC.*

1951
- Fed govt through NHA doubles down payments required for houses & reduces amount available for loans.
- NHBA promotes home bomb shelters for Cold War.
- First art gallery on Vancouver Island is established: Art Gallery of Greater Victoria in Spencer Mansion, donated by Sara Spencer, 1040 Moss St, Rockland.
- Canada Census - Victoria’s population is now 51,331.

1952
- City closes No.2 Fire Hall (1240 Yates St, Fernwood.)
- Douglas St is extended to meet new Patricia Bay Highway for peninsula traffic.
- February 6 - Death of King George VI.

1953
- Canada’s worst polio epidemic affects c.8000, killing 481; 1954 death toll falls to just 157 with Salk vaccine.
- June 2 - Elizabeth II is crowned Queen of United Kingdon & the Commonwealth.

1954
- New NHA - end of federal loans, now loan-insurance system; banks can make mortgage loans for houses (previously, only life insurance companies could); down-payments lowered; amortization period extended to 25 yrs.

1955
- Multiple Listing Bureau is established for real estate; during its first year it handles $3.76 million of 421 property sales in Victoria.
- BC’s first Maritime Museum is established: in Victoria’s 1889 Provincial Court House, 28-30 Bastion Sq, Downtown.
- October - City builds concrete model yacht racing pool beside Dallas Rd at Holland Point.

1956
- Canada Census - Victoria’s population is 54,584.
- Marilyn Bell becomes first woman & first Canadian to swim Juan de Fuca Strait, Port Angeles to Victoria.
- VREB prohibits showing of homes for sale on Sundays; not repealed until 1976.
- Kingston Street School in James Bay demolished.

1957
- CMHC’s first national housing design awards recognize two homes in Victoria; local home builders argue jury was biased in favour of modernist styles.
- Fort St is finally opened up on single-lane “Dardanelles” between Harrison St & Belmont Av to become two lanes.

1958
- Centennial of Colony of British Columbia.
- City hires first planner, architect Rod Clack.
- “Mile O” sign erected at Douglas St & Dallas Rd corner.
September 28 - Victoria & District’s 5-figure telephone numbers become 7-figure with addition of two prefix names, EV for EVergreen or GR for GRanite.

1959
- City rejects Vancouver developer’s bid to demolish City Hall, begins development of Centennial Square.
- New No.1 Fire Hall opens at 1234 Yates St, Fernwood.
- December - Black Ball Ferries’ MV Coho begins service between Port Angeles & Victoria.

1960
- Fire destroys Nanaimo’s Chinatown.
- BC Ferry Corp starts service Swartz Bay on Saanich Peninsula N of Victoria to Tsawwassen on mainland.

1961
- VREB’s real estate sales volume reaches $10 million.*
- Canada Census - Victoria’s population now 54,941.

1963
- City begins restoration/redevelopment of Bastion Sq.
- Centennial Square is developed under leadership of Mayor R.B. Wilson & city planner Rod Clack.
- CPR headquarters moved from 470 Belleville St, James Bay, to Vancouver.

1965
- City begins using Mud Bay on south shore of Victoria West as garbage dump; this is gradually filled in.
- February - Opening night of McPherson Playhouse Theatre with new lobby, tickets for most performances $1.50-$3.50.

1966
- VREB’s sales volume hits $21 million.
- Canada Census - Victoria now 57,453.

1967
- July 1st - Canada’s Centennial.
- December - VMD forced to close shipbuilding & repair business due to lack of sustained business.

1968
- UVic begins 4-year inventory of City’s heritage bldgs.
- September - Yates & Fort Sts are made one-way, now from Wharf St downtown east to Fernwood Rd.
- Major snow storm.

1969

- Summer - City builds large retaining wall around Gonzales (Foul) Bay to prevent further erosion.
- VREB’s sales volume reaches $40 million.*

1970
- Vic West Community Association (VWCA) forms.

1971

- BC’s Centennial as province of Canada.
- Canada Census - Victoria now 61,760.
- City report on downtown heritage structures.
- Royal London Wax Museum opens at 470 Belleville St, James Bay.
- James Bay Community Association (JBCA) forms.

1973
- City appoints first Heritage Advisory Committee.
- Greater Victoria citizens form Hallmark Society, volunteer group dedicated to preserving heritage.
- June - Pandora & Johnson Sts made one-way, now from Wharf St downtown east to Stanley Av, Fernwood.
- James Bay New Horizons is formed as a meeting, drop-in & activity centre for Seniors.
- James Bay News begins publication.
- City’s James Bay Plan helps check demolition of heritage homes & advance of high rises.

1974
- City designates first 3 heritage houses & a number of commercial buildings on Wharf St.
- Fernwood Community Association (FCA) is formed.

1975
- Fairfield Community Association established.
- Outer Wharves at Shoal Point, James Bay, demolished.**
- Market Square complex of heritage buildings between Johnson, Store & Pandora Sts, downtown, is developed.

1976
- Mayor Mike Young & City Council place 5 month demo/alteration freeze on 77 endangered heritage houses.
- Census - Victoria’s population is 62,552.
- Belfry Theatre founded, 1900 Fernwood Rd, Fernwood..
- Canadian National Railway (CNR) stops shipment of grain through the one-million-bushel Alberta Wheat Pool grain elevator at Outer Wharf, James Bay.

1977

- City designates 53 houses as Heritage, begins to fund restoration & maintenance of designated houses with property tax rebates.
- BC government constructs lower causeway below Government St on Inner Harbour.
- fire destroys much of CNR’s Ogden Pt facility, & baled pulp & rolled newsprint cargoes awaiting shipment.
- Hallmark Society begins two-year inventory of City’s heritage buildings.

1978
- ownership of Ogden Point, James Bay, reverts from CNR to Transport Canada, which constructs fence around Ogden Point, so that docks are no longer open to public at all times.

1979
- City Planning Department publishes first edition of This Old House.
- Fernwood Neighbourhood Resource Group, FNRG, is founded.
- VIA Rail begins passenger service Victoria to Courtenay.
- Smallpox is first major disease to be eradicated by public health measures.

1980
- Fernwood Community Centre opens on Gladstone Av.
- Terry Fox begins cross-country Marathon of Hope.
- Canadian Coast Guard marine base opens on Dallas Rd where Rithet’s Outer Wharves were built in 1883.**

1981
- Canada Census - Victoria now 63,800.

1982
- City finds heritage residential funding program direct to private owners not legal under Municipal Act.

1983
- City establishes Victoria Heritage Foundation (VHF) to disburse grants to owners of designated heritage houses.
- 10-year BC Parliament Buildings restoration completed.
- tax auditors look for millions in unreported income from real estate deals in 1980-81; about 5,500 properties changed hands in those years.*

1984
- Spinnakers Brew Pub opens, Canada’s first in-house brew pub (see 332 Catherine St, Vic West, ).
- FGCA opens Fairfield Community Place.
- James Bay Community Project (JBCP) forms.

1985

- Gretchen Brewin Victoria’s first female Mayor, 1985-90 (1413 Fernwood Rd, Fernwood).

1986

- City hires first full-time Heritage Planner, Steve Barber.
- Expo 86 opens in Vancouver, runs 6 months.
- July 18 - September 7 - Victoria airport records longest stretch of dry weather - 52 days.

1988

- Sept - Federal Government Japanese Canadians Redress Agreement.
- City begins in-depth Downtown Heritage Management Plan & Inventory.
- North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) signed by Canada, USA removes trade restrictions, increases cross-border trade.

1989
- City establishes Victoria Civic Heritage Trust (VCHT) to fund restoration of downtown designated heritage buildings.
- Victoria Conference Centre opens.

1990
- JBCP buys & renovates 547 Michigan St to house medical, home support & community services.
- Cadillac Fairview razes two city blocks of heritage buildings downtown to erect Eaton Centre, now The Bay Centre.

1991
- Canada Census - Victoria now 67,380.

1992
- James Bay News changes name to James Bay Beacon.

1993
- BC Government passes new Heritage legislation.
- James Bay Neighbourhood Assoc (JBNA) is registered.
- Number of VREB realtors reaches all-time high of 1604.

1994
- Commonwealth Games held in Victoria.

1995
- Provincial Capital Commission approves $2 million towards upgrade of St. Ann’s Academy chapel & central interior (835 Humboldt St, Fairfield).
- Jubilee Neighbourhood Heritage Register review adds 17 new buildings.
- Canadian Real Estate Association launches MLS online internet service.
- City paints first dedicated bike lanes on Blanshard St between Caledonia Av & Tolmie St.
- Tougher emissions standards for new vehicles passed by BC; they are the most stringent in Canada.

1996
- VHF, Saanich Heritage Foundation present their first old house restoration workshop for homeowners.
- Census - Victoria now 73,504.
- Dec 28/29 - 124 cm snow blankets City - “Blizzard of ’96” insurance claims $120 M - largest ever for BC.
- Victoria’a Chinatown area now National Historic Site.

1997
- VHF’s funding program expands to include any designated house in City, including commercial uses.
- VHF, Heritage Society of BC & Vancouver Heritage Foundation together begin production of series of Do-It-Yourself brochures for owners of old houses.
- Conservatory of Music buys former Metropolitan United Church, (1411 Quadra St / 907 Pandora Av, Harris Green), designed 1890 by Thomas Hooper.
- Ross Bay Cemetery (1495 Fairfield Rd, Fairfield) is designated a Municipal Heritage Site.

1998
- City endorses Tree Protection Program for native Garry oaks, dogwoods & arbutus trees.
- City passes Property Tax Incentive bylaw to promote residential conversion of downtown heritage buildings.

1999
- VHF’s Education Committee develops new James Bay Heritage Walking Tour brochure.
- The Land Conservancy, assisted by Hallmark Society’s Heritage Building Foundation, buys Ross Bay Villa, 1865 Gothic Revival style cottage at 1490 Fairfield Rd, Fairfield.
- VREB realtors total 973; Victoria real estate sales valued at $1.2 billion.

2000
- VHF staff and volunteers begin cataloguing residential building plans stored in City Hall attic.

2001
- Canada Census - Victoria 74,125; 14th largest Canadian city.
- City of Victoria is awarded coveted Prince of Wales Prize.

2002

- 300th house is designated heritage by Victoria City Council, at request of homeowners.
- Seven schools added to the City's Heritage Register
- First Heritage Designation of a modern (1957) house: 1646 St Francis Wood by archiect John Di Castri.
- February 8 - Greater Victoria Harbour Authority (GVHA), a non-profit society, is finally established through Memorandum of Understanding between Provincial Capital Commission (PCC), Esquimalt Nation, Songhees Nation, City of Victoria, Township of Esquimalt, & Victoria/Esquimalt Harbour Society (V/EHS); first lands divested to GVHA are: Ogden Point Marine Terminals & Breakwater, Erie St Fisherman’s Wharf, Inner Harbour Causeway to Ship Point & Wharf St Docks.
- Major funding cuts by province to BC Heritage Branch.

2003
- Devolution of provincial historic sites to non-profits & private operators, including Point Ellice House (2616 Pleasant St, Burnside, TOH3), Helmcken House (638 Elliott St, James Bay), Emily Carr House (207 Government St, James Bay), all in Victoria.

2004
- Restoration of Rattenbury’s 106-year-old Bank of Montreal building to become Irish Times Pub (1200 Government St, Downtown).
- Funding approved for seismic upgrading of Victoria’s City Hall, built 1878 & 1890 by architect & Mayor John Teague (#1 Centennial Sq, Downtown).

2005
- Abkhazi Gardens (1964 Fairfield Rd, Gonzales, TOH4) is heritage designated by City.

2006
- City Council approves the first 10-year tax exemption for rehabilitation of a commercial building: Douglas Hotel, now Hotel Rialto, built 1911, architect L.W. Hargreaves (1450 Douglas St, Downtown).
- Saanich & Oak Bay celebrate 100 years.
- Canada Census - Victoria has 78,055.

2007
- City approves rezoning for “Hudson” project, a conversion into 152 residential condos of HBC building, built 1914-21, architects Burke, Horwood & White (1701 Douglas St, Downtown).
- City begins Fairfield Heritage Register evaluation.

2008
- VHF’s House Grants Program pays out a record 55 grants to assist Heritage Designated house rehabilitations.
- Long-vacant 1884 Morley’s Sodawater Factory (1315-17 Waddington Alley, Downtown) is bought by local developer Chris LeFevre for redevelopment as condominia.
- Owners of vacant 1891 Janion Hotel (1610 Store St, Downtown) file for demolition permit; City counters with Order of Temporary Protection.
- City completes renovations to former Crystal Gardens (701-711 Douglas St, Downtown) for Victoria Conference Centre.

2009
- Heritage designation of Beacon Hill Park, James Bay & Fairfield.

2010
- City versus Roger’s Chocolates (913 Government St, Downtown): City wins protection of interior designation, but pays $750,000 compensation.
- Province grants E.A. Morris Tobacconist firm exemption to signage law that would ban their historic signs (1116 Government St, Downtown).
- 1885 Bossi house restored with condos & offices: original home of pioneer Italian family at 1007 Johnson St, Harris Green.
- Long-vacant so-called “Northern Junk” buildings, actually warehouses from 1860 & 1864, (1314 & 1316-18 Wharf St, Downtown), are sold to developers.
- Vancouver hosts 2010 Olympic Winter Games.
- October - Germany makes final restitution payment for WWI.

2011
- Sale of Wentworth Villa, 1156 Fort St, Fernwood, built 1863, owned by just 2 families in 149 years.
- Major heritage conference held in Victoria: Heritage Canada Foundation, Association for Preservation Technology, International National Trusts Organization.
- VHF wins last of four awards, including local & provincial awards, for This Old House series: a national award from Heritage Canada Foundation.
- Official Community Plan upgrade.
- Citizens vote to replace Johnson St Bridge.
- Canada Census - Victoria’s population now 80,020.
- VHF’s new brochure published: Why Victorians Love Their Heritage Houses.
- E&N passenger service is suspended.

2012
- Township of Esquimalt celebrates 100 years.
- August 2 - City of Victoria celebrates 150 years.

2013
- City’s Heritage Tax Incentive Program for downtown buildings wins two major national & international awards.
- GVHA installs railing & First Nations murals on Ogden Point breakwater.

2014
- Steve Barber, Victoria’s Heritage Planner since 1986, retires. Murray Miller appointed Senior Heritage Planner, Adrian Brett becomes second Heritage Planner.

2015
- Victoria Heritage Foundation wins Hallmark Heritage Society Communication Award for interactive Heritage Neighbourhoods Geographic Information System (GIS) map.
- September 9 - Queen Elizabeth II becomes longest-reigning British monarch.

2016
- Wentworth Villa Architectural Heritage Museum (1156 Fort St, Fernwood, TOH1) opens to the public for tours, concert series, special exhibitions, lectures & private events; owners win Heritage BC’s Outstanding Achievement Award for Heritage Conservation.
- Victoria Heritage Foundation wins Heritage BC Heritage Education & Awareness Award for interactive Heritage Neighbourhoods Geographic Information System (GIS) map.
- Two James Bay houses moved from Michigan St to 222 & 226 Dallas Rd & given city heritage designation.
- Three heritage houses moved from Superior St to 580, 584 & 588 Michigan St & given city heritage designation.
- February - Murray Miller resigns as City heritage planner.
- August - Merinda Conley begins work as City’s new Senior Heritage Planner.
- 23 October - Ross Bay Villa, built 1865 (1490 Fairfield Rd, Fairfield) purchased by Ross Bay Villa Society from The Land Conservancy (TLC).

2017
- From April 1, over 1,030 wildfires in BC burn more than 900,000 hectares of land, making 2017 BC’s worst wildfire season on record.
- February 6 - Queen Elizabeth II becomes first British monarch to celebrate 65 years on throne.
- June 19 - August 11 - a new record of 54 days as Victoria’s longest stretch of dry weather.
- Three historic houses demolished in James Bay on Dallas Rd, Government St & Oswego St.
- Dozens of tall cranes in City’s downtown signal a huge change in Victoria’s skyline.
- Victoria International Marina begins construction, will bring mega yachts to Inner Harbour.
- April-November - a record 239 cruise ships arrive at James Bay’s Ogden Point docks with close to 600,000 passengers & more than 239,000 crew.
- Two-way bike lanes are created on one-way Pandora Av & Fort St.
- November 30 - Queen Elizabeth II & Prince Phillip celebrate 70 years of marriage.

2018
- March 31 - New Johnson St Bridge opens between downtown & Vic West.
- April 9 - New sxʷeŋxʷəŋ təŋəxʷ James Bay branch library opens at 385 Menzies St in Capital Park complex. Pronounced “s-hweng hw-ung tongue-oo-hw,” it is the Lekwungen name for James Bay
- New pipeline is laid along Niagara St, James Bay, to convey regional sewage to new treatment plant at McLoughlin Point, Esquimalt, on other side of Victoria Harbour...more than a metre in diameter and close to a kilometre long, the pipeline is threaded through a passage 15 metres under water, 15 metres under harbour bottom sediment and...another 50 metres of bedrock - info from Alan L. MacLeod

 


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